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A ruptured blood vessel in the eye, i.e. subconjunctival hemorrhage, is one of the most common eye problems. Broken blood vessels in the eye are in most cases only a cosmetic problem, but sometimes they can be a symptom of serious diseases. What are the causes of a broken capillary in the eye?

A broken capillary in the eyeis, in medical terminology,subconjunctival hemorrhage . When small, delicate blood vessels of the conjunctiva are broken, there is a hemorrhage into the vitreous, which results in the appearance of the so-called the white part of the eye is a vivid red, bloody, painless spot. Interestingly, extravasation in the eye, similarly to cerebral hemorrhages, occurs most often at night. Cracked blood vessels in the eye are usually not a cause for concern because, like bruises on the body, they do not cause problems and resolve on their own. How long does a broken blood vessel in the eye absorb? The conjunctiva usually takes 10 to 14 days to absorb blood.

Subconjunctival haemorrhage should not be confused with intense eye hyperaemia (in medical terminology it is called red eye) due to local inflammatory changes. The rupture of the conjunctival vessel should also be distinguished from the dilated capillary (without breaking its continuity).

Cracked blood vessel in the eye - injuries

A broken capillary in the eye may be the result of friction, irritation or mechanical damage to the eye.

Cracked blood vessel in the eye - wearing contact lenses

In people who wear contact lenses, broken capillaries may indicate improperly selected and / or used lenses. A subconjunctival hemorrhage can also be the result of wearing lenses for too long or of dry eye.

Broken eye vessel - reaction to medication

Aspirin and polopyrin (due to the acetylsalicylic acid content) and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs increase the risk of numerous bleeding from the nose and even the intestines, stomach, and also to the brain and eye.

Broken blood vessel in the eye - sudden increase in blood pressure

Sudden increase in blood pressure, which can lead to a rupture of a capillary in the eye, is usually the result of excessive exercise, coughing, sneezing, laughing,constipation or vomiting.

Broken blood vessel in the eye - fragility of blood vessels

When blood vessel walls are not flexible enough, they often break for no reason. Then the so-called Spider veins can appear all over the body: on the nose, cheeks, legs, and also in the white part of the eye. It is worth knowing that the condition of blood vessels is determined by genetic conditions, hormonal disorders, circulatory disorders, emotional factors, gastrointestinal diseases (e.g. liver damage) or arterial hypertension.


A broken capillary in the eye and pregnancy

Pregnancy hormones contribute to swelling in the eyeball, which may not only cause weakening of the pregnant woman's eyesight, but also break the capillaries of the eyes.

Broken blood vessel in the eye - blood coagulation disorders

Subconjunctival strokemay be a symptom of a blood clotting disorder or a deficiency of vitamin K, which supports the functioning of proteins necessary for blood clotting.

Cracked blood vessel in the eye - systemic diseases

Diabetes is one of the diseases that significantly affects the condition of the eyes. Complications after diabetes are particularly dangerous to he alth: diabetic angiopathy, which damages the vessels in the eyes, and retinopathy, i.e. damage to the retina associated with impaired function of the eye vessels.

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Subconjunctival strokecan also be a symptom ofhypertensionandatherosclerosis- with these vessel diseases blood vessels gain abnormal structure and become brittle, which makes them break.

Cracked blood vessel in the eye - retinal detachment with a tear

Extravasation in the eyemay indicate a tear - a hole in the retina that marks the beginning of a retinal detachment. Tearing retinal detachment can occur as a result of mechanical trauma, which is accompanied by excessive adherence of the vitreous to the retina.

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