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An allergy to pollen is often referred to as hay fever. In Poland, this type of allergy is most often caused by grasses and usually occurs in spring. Watering eyes or a runny nose aren't the only symptoms of hay fever. What is the diagnosis of hay fever and how to treat pollen allergy?

Allergy to pollen (hay fever)belongs toof seasonal allergies. It begins in spring when small flowers appear on the trees and their stamens begin to dust. As a result, millions of pollen grains are floating in the air, which passersby unknowingly inhale every day. Every tenth person who comes into contact with pollen experiences allergy symptoms on their own skin, i.e.hay fever .


  1. Pollen allergy - symptoms
  2. Pollen allergy - diagnosis
  3. Allergic to pollen - what plants do dust?
  4. Pollen allergy - treatment

Pollen allergy - symptoms

One of the common symptoms of inhalation allergy is hay fever. The allergy sufferer may also develop skin lesions (scabies or urticaria) and bronchial asthma.

Sensitization to pollen is also manifested:

  • runny nose
  • fits of sneezing
  • itching inside the nose
  • conjunctivitis causing tearing and burning eyes

In addition to the symptoms typical of allergies, the following may appear:

  • low fever
  • problems with concentration
  • general breakdown

Every year the symptoms of tree pollen allergy appear earlier than the symptoms of allergy to other plants, but for many people this type of allergy is mild.

Most often appear:

  • fits of sneezing
  • itchy eyes
  • light hoarseness
  • feeling of drilling in the nose

In some people, however, the allergy is more severe. In such a situation, they are often misdiagnosed with a cold.

Allergy to pollen - diagnosis

However, if the "cold" occurs every year when plants are pollinated, it is worth asking yourself if the symptoms do not indicate an inhalation allergy. In case of allergy, none of the home remedies for colds will certainly not help. It is also superfluoustaking antibiotics or acetylsalicylic acid.

In order to diagnose pollen allergy, allergy tests should be performed. These include skin tests and allergy blood tests.


Several vaccine systems are currently used to combat hay fever. These are: aqueous solutions (injections are given every two days), aluminum hydroxide absorbed vaccines (one injection per week) and tyrosine-based vaccines (one injection every two weeks). The choice of vaccination system depends on the doctor's decision. In addition to injection vaccines, oral and inhalation vaccinations are available. Unfortunately, it is not possible to immunize allergy sufferers to any type of allergen. People who are allergic to pollen from trees, grains and weeds must take advantage of other forms of treatment.

Allergic to pollen - what plants do dust?

People suffering from pollen allergy experience allergy symptoms every year -pollen calendaris relatively constant and it follows that, depending on the weather and what sensitizes, problems may start already in January.

Plant species that produce allergens bloom at about the same time each year. In our country, grasses are the biggest problem, causing allergy symptoms in as many as 60% of allergy sufferers.

Grass allergy is usually accompanied by an allergy to grains, especially corn and rye pollen. Symptoms of allergy are also common because of pollen from weeds. However, keep in mind that hay fever is also the result of an allergy to pollen from trees.

Allergy symptoms reflect the order in which the flowers of individual plants release pollen.

Some tree species start to pollute some trees already in February, but the pollen concentration peak occurs in the first half of April. At this time, pollen causes symptoms of allergic rhinitis and even bronchitis.

The most commonallergenic treesinclude pollen:

  • hazel
  • alders
  • birches
  • oak
  • willow
  • poplar

Then allergy sufferers can breathe a little - the monthly "pollen silence" allows for a temporary relief from allergy symptoms. However, the grass pollen season takes place from mid-May to the end of June. This is when most allergy sufferers experience bothersome symptoms of allergy.

Allergy symptoms are often caused bygrass pollen :

  • cocksfoot
  • red fescue
  • mietlicy
  • timothy meadow
  • fragrant tomki
  • perennial
  • meadow grass
  • rye

In summerweeds are also pollinated- their highest concentration occurs in August and early September. As a result of changes in insolation, temperature and precipitation, the vegetation of plants may be delayed or accelerated.

Pollen can be included as allergenic weeds:

  • nettles
  • of medical monument
  • mugwort
  • common grandmother
  • quinoa
  • sorrel

Pollen allergy - treatment

Treatment of allergiesis not the simplest one, but there are ways to minimize its persistent symptoms. To avoid allergy symptoms, limit exposure to allergens. During the pollen season, it is worth limiting walks.

You can also use antihistamines, which are one of the most popular ways to deal with allergies. They contain compounds (cetirizine, levocetirizine or loratadine) that block the release of histamine, which is responsible for the formation of an allergic reaction.

It is worth remembering that grass pollen belongs to the group of allergens that can cross-sensitize. For this reason, you should also follow a proper diet, which can have a significant impact on the course of allergies.

Another method of treating allergies is desensitization. Therefore, the use of vaccines, both traditional and sublingual vaccines, may turn out to be effective.

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