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Pizza is one of the most popular dishes in the world, but hardly anyone knows what its properties, nutritional values ​​and calories are. There are different types of pizza - the most popular are margherita, Hawaiian, vegetarian, four cheese and salami. Check if the pizza can be he althy.


  1. Pizza - types and ingredients of pizza
  2. Pizza pepperoni - nutritional values ​​
  3. Pizza - Properties. Is pizza he althy?
  4. Pizza margherita - calories
  5. Pizza - interesting facts
  6. Hawaiian pizza - nutritional values ​​

Pizzais a cake made of yeast dough (made of flour, water, yeast, olive oil, s alt), covered with various additives, e.g. tomatoes, cheese, meat and cold cuts, onion, olives with herbs.

The history of pizza goes back to ancient times. The precursor to pizza was flat bread baked by the ancient Romans, called focaccia.

The first pizza recipe, reminiscent of today's one, was developed in Naples at the end of the 18th century. It was then that the tomatoes were added to the focaccia. Pizza was eaten primarily in Italy. After World War II, it was spread in Europe and the world by the Allies.

Italians today consider margherita (with tomato sauce, mozzarella and basil) and marinade (with tomato, oregano, garlic and extra virgin olive oil) to be real.

Pizza dough varies by region in Italy. In Naples, soft and supple dough is preferred, and in Rome, thin and crispy dough. In addition, in Italy, pizza is baked on rectangular trays with additives and sold by weight, the so-called pizza al taglio.

Pizza - types and ingredients of pizza

Contemporary pizza is different from the original one that was invented in Italy. Currently, we can enjoy different variants of pizza:

  • Neapolitan pizza - original thin crust pizza. Currently, there are two variants:

- pizza marinara - contains tomatoes, garlic, oregano and extra virgin olive oil

- pizza margherita - contains tomatoes, mozzarella slices, basil and extra virgin olive oil

  • Chicago pizza - thick crust pizza with convex edges. Mozzarella slices, meat are put on top of the dough,vegetables and tomatoes. Additives include: ground beef, sausage, pepperoni, onion, mushrooms and green pepper.
  • New York pizza - resembles Neapolitan pizza. The dough is crumbly, but at the same time pliable enough to fold a slice of pizza in half. The pizza toppings include sausage, pepperoni, mushrooms, oregano, red pepper flakes, Parmesan and garlic powder.
  • Sicilian pizza - a rectangular pizza with a spongy consistency. Covered in tomato sauce, onion, herbs, anchovies, and sprinkled with breadcrumbs. It is most often served at Christmas and New Year's Eve. However, in America, Sicilian pizza is served all year round and consists of tomato sauce and mozzarella.
  • Greek pizza - was invented by Greek immigrants who came to America. It does not consist of Greek additives, nor is it eaten in Greece. The dough is not as thin as in a New York pizza, nor as spongy as in a Sicilian pizza. Tomato paste, oregano and a mixture of mozzarella and cheddar cheese are used as additives
  • Californian pizza - there is a wide variety of toppings, you can use mustard, ricotta, pate and paprika

There are also other types of pizza, including: Hawaiian (with pineapple pieces), with bacon, with seafood, with chicken, vegan, with mushrooms, with a mixture of cheeses: blue cheese, goat cheese, with egg , with Parma ham.

Worth knowing

Pizzapepperoni- nutritional values, calories (per 100 g)

Caloric value - 280 kcal Protein - 12.86 g Fat - 11.38 g Saturated fat - 5.161 g Monounsaturated fat - 4.018 g Polyunsaturated fat - 2.034 g Cholesterol - 26.0 g Carbohydrates - 31.55 g Fiber - 1.7 g

Minerals(% of RDA for an adult)

Calcium - 155.0 mg (16%) Sodium - 801.0 mg (53%) Phosphorus - 218.0 mg (31%) Potassium - 207.0 mg (6%) Magnesium - 23.0 mg (6%) Iron - 2.14 mg (2%) Zinc -1.68 mg (15%) Copper - 0.104 mg (12%) Selenium - 21.3 µg (39%)


Vitamin B1 - 0.32 mg (25%) Vitamin B2 - 0.271 mg (21%) Vitamin B6 - 0.152 mg (12%) Niacin - 4.028 mg (25%) Vitamin B12 - 0.68 µg ( 28%) Vitamin C - 0.0 mg (0%) Vitamin A - 57.0 µg (6%)

Nutritional Value: USDA,% Recommended Daily Allowance, based on IŻŻ Nutrition Standards, 2022

Pizza - Properties. Is pizza he althy?

Pizza is a source of wholesome protein that provides the body with essential amino acids. Additionally, pizza provides calcium which is involved in building and mineralizing bones andslows down bone loss with age. Calcium also plays a role in blood clotting.

Pizza is also a good source of phosphorus which builds bones, teeth and DNA / RNA. In addition, it regulates the energy metabolism in the body cells.

The pizza also contains large amounts of selenium, which has antioxidant properties. Adequate selenium intake can reduce the risk of cancer and cardiovascular disease.

Worth knowing

Pizza can protect against cancer?

Pizza is also a source of antioxidants: lycopene, vitamin C, flavonoids, folic acid and beta-carotene, which are found in tomato sauce. Scientists found that eating pizza regularly reduced the risk of esophageal cancer by 34% from throat cancer and 26% from colon cancer, thanks to the lycopene in tomato sauce. However, the study was conducted on the Italian population, where the pizza is slightly different from that common in other regions of the world. Additionally, the Mediterranean diet was indicated as one of the additional factors in reducing the risk of cancer.

Additionally, pizza can be a good source of vitamins B1, B2, niacin, vitamin A - depending on the additives used.

Commercial pizza contains high amounts of sodium, and depending on the type, it is also a source of saturated fatty acids. Additionally, it is high in calories.

It is worth choosing a pizza with low-calorie toppings, e.g. with chicken, seafood, vegetables or a traditional pizza, margherita. In addition, pizza made with wheat flour is low in dietary fiber.

Pizza eaten in moderation, several times a month, a few pieces each, with lots of vegetables, thin crust and lean meat can have he alth benefits.

In addition, pizza may increase blood pressure due to the content of sodium and adversely affect blood glucose levels due to the low glycemic index of the flour used to prepare the dough.

Even commercially prepared pizza is a source of macro and micronutrients, but the best choice is to prepare the pizza yourself. Using whole grain flour and increasing the amount of vegetables will make the pizza rich in dietary fiber.

Cheese pizza has a lower amount of saturated fatty acids than pepperoni or sausage pizza. And a pizza with vegetables contains more vitamins, minerals and dietary fiber.

Including pizza in your daily diet increases the risk of overweight and obesity, as well as heart disease, and is associated with an increased level of cholesterol in the blood. Additives like pepperoni are high in sodium andnitrite, which can cause cancer and heart disease.

After eating a pizza, you need to spend as much as 4 hours walking to burn all the calories it contains - experts warn in " Journal of Epidemiology and Community He alth ".

Worth knowing

Pizza margherita- nutritional values ​​ , calories(per 100 g)

Caloric value - 230 kcal Protein - 12.8 g Fat - 8.4 g Saturated fat - 3.5 g Monounsaturated fat - 2.9 g Polyunsaturated fat - 1.0 g Cholesterol - 17.0 g Carbohydrates - 25.7 g Fiber - 3.8 g

Minerals (% of RDA for an adult)

Calcium - 192.0 mg (19%) Sodium - 560.0 mg (37%) Phosphorus - 123.0 mg (18%) Potassium - 204.0 mg (6%) Iron - 1.4 mg (1%) Zinc - 0.70 mg (6%)


Vitamin B1 - 0.10 mg (8%) Vitamin B2 - 0.10 mg (8%) Vitamin B6 - 0.05 mg (4%) Niacin - 0.30 mg (2%) Vitamin B12 - 0.50 µg (21%) Vitamin C - 8.0 mg (9%) Vitamin A - 167.8 µg (19%)

Nutritional Value: USDA,% Recommended Daily Allowance, based on IŻŻ Nutrition Standards, 2022

Pizza - interesting facts

  • the first pizzeria was established in 1905 in the United States.
  • Hawaiian pizza is not from Hawaii. She was invented in Canada in the second half of the 20th century.
  • the name of the pizza margherita comes from the name of Queen Margherita, who endorsed the newly invented pizza by Raffaele Esposito. The pizza was supposed to reflect the colors of the Italian flag and consisted of red tomato sauce, white mozzarella and green basil.
  • the largest pizza was produced in 2012 in Rome and was 1,262 square meters.
  • the most expensive pizza in the world cost 2.7 thousand dollars (9.212 thousand zlotys) and was produced in 2022 in the USA. The bottom of the pizza was made of truffles with the addition of squid ink. The top of the pizza includes: English blue cheese, Strasbourg pate, French truffles, the most expensive and the best caviar in the world, edible flower petals and 24 carat golden leaves from Ecuador.
Worth knowing

Hawaiian pizza - nutritional values ​​ , calories(per 100 g)

Caloric value - 240 kcal Protein - 9.7 g Fat - 6.1 g Saturated fat - 2.0 g Monounsaturated fat - 2.6 g Polyunsaturated fat - 1.2 g Cholesterol - 11.8 g Carbohydrates - 37.5 g Fiber - 1.3 g

Minerals(% of RDA for an adult)

Calcium - 68.2 mg (7%) Sodium -442.6 mg (30%) Phosphorus - 116.6 mg (17%) Potassium - 145.6 mg (4%) Iron - 0.85 mg (1%) Zinc - 0.94 mg (9%)


Vitamin B1 - 0.12 mg (9%) Vitamin B2 - 0.10 mg (8%) Vitamin B6 - 0.09 mg (7%) Niacin - 1.13 mg (8%) Vitamin B12 - 0.25 µg (10%) Vitamin C - 1.12 mg (1%) Vitamin A - 25.5 µg (3%)

Nutritional value: own study,% of the recommended daily intake based on the IŻŻ Nutrition Standards, 2022

Buckwheat pizza with beetroot, beef and cucumbers

Source: x-news / Dzień Dobry TVN

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