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Ways to deal with insect bites are simple and effective. It is worth knowing them, because insect bites can make even the most pleasant days unpleasant. The list of the most troublesome stalkers is opened by mosquitoes, flies, wasps, bees and ticks. How to defend against them and what to do when we have already been attacked and everything itches and hurts?

A red spot (erythema) and puffiness appear at the site ofinsect bites . You feel pain too. However, it all passes after a few hours. But insect venom allergy can be generalized and manifested as hives or swelling that affects the face, lips and eyelids. As the allergy worsens, shortness of breath and even loss of consciousness can occur.

As insect venom contains many substances that can strongly sensitize - all insect bites may be dangerous for allergy sufferers. The most insidious thing is that there may be no reaction the first time you bite, and the next bite you may experience anaphylactic shock, directly life-threatening. So let's get to knowmethods of insect bites , because thanks to this knowledge you can avoid many unpleasant ailments.

Remedies for insect bites: fluff

Fluff or bolimuszki cut the skin and lick the flowing blood. These are extremely intrusive insects. They have excellent eyesight, so they easily find the victim. They are also attracted by exhaled carbon dioxide.

They are extremely aggressive in closed rooms. But you can protect yourself from them by applying vanilla oil to your skin - fluff hates the smell of it. One insect can't harm you, but if you get bitten badly, you may need professional help.

The fluff saliva contains irritating substances which, together with the blood, quickly spread throughout the body and can cause serious ailments. If inflammatory reactions appear around the punctures, do not disregard them, because they may end up becoming infected.

Until you see your doctor, carefully disinfect the bitten areas and brush with a cooling agent. Applying an ice cube will also be a relief. Bitten places must not be scratched. Otherwise, difficult to heal or even suppurating wounds will arise. Once healed, they may remain ugly, bluish redtraces.

Ways to deal with buzzing insect bites: wasps and bees

Bees are especially dangerous among insects. Their sting is made up of many miniature hooks. This causes the puncture to be torn out of the abdomen, along with the venom gland and the stinging apparatus.

Since the stinging apparatus is able to contract itself, the toxic substance may be injected even for a few minutes. Wasp and hornet venom is much more toxic than bee venom. After being stung by these insects, pain and swelling appear around the sting, which may persist for several days.

Due to the swelling, stings in the tongue, throat or larynx are particularly dangerous for people, because the rapid swelling of the mucosa can cause suffocation. If a wasp or a bee stung inside your mouth, start sucking on ice or drinking cold drinks immediately and see your doctor immediately.

His immediate help is also necessary when stings are repeated or allergic. If you are not allergic to the venom, it is worth applying hydrocortisone ointment to the site of the sting, rubbing it with raw onion or covering it with ice. Alcohol also has a cooling and disinfecting effect. Antihistamines (antiallergic drugs) will help with severe bites. You can also take calcium, but it is much less effective.

How to remove the sting:

After being bitten by a wasp, bee or hornet, you must not suck the venom or grab the tip of the stinger - there is a container for the venom. By pressing it, you can give yourself an extra dose of venom. To avoid this, use a clean razor blade or sharp scissors to cut off the receptacles above the skin, and then pull out the sting. Preferably a needle. Do not use tweezers for this, because by pressing it on the sting, you will inject another dose of venom.

You must do it
  • You can hide in a dark room from attacking bees and wasps. Insects do not like the dark and will fly away to the light.
  • Don't try to hit the insect that is flying near you. Also, do not make any sudden movements.
  • Wear muted colors (white, beige, green). Patterned fabrics attract insects.
  • If you are stung, walk away at least 50m or other insects may come to your rescue and start stinging.
  • Do not wear your clothes stained with juice or ice cream - sweet stains act like a magnet.
  • Do not drink from dark bottles and cans that have been standing open. There may be insects inside.
  • Wash your hands and mouth after eating.
  • Don't walk barefoot on the grass, wasps often nest in the ground.

Remedies for mosquito bites

There are over 40 species of mosquitoes in our country.The moths are the most dangerous of them. Mosquito bites are rarely single, because these insects fly in flocks. They attack only female mosquitoes (they need to drink blood to lay eggs), which can sense their prey from a distance - an object with a temperature higher than the environment and emitting carbon dioxide.

Mosquitoes introduce a secretion into the wound that prevents blood from clotting, and at the same time stinging. Red blisters appear near the injection, then itchy spots. Sensitive people may experience increased temperature.

Relief after a bite will be applied to the skin with an anti-allergic cooling preparation. Burning and itching are soothed by washing the skin with cold water or an alcohol compress. If the local reaction lasts longer, hydrocortisone ointment can be used.

Ways to get tick bites

Ticks climb trees and bushes and wait patiently there for animals and people passing by. When a tick jumps onto a person, it quickly finds a place on the skin where it can bite. It does it imperceptibly because it anesthetizes the skin with its saliva. Plus, the hungry tick is tiny - it looks like a black pinhead.

Ticks like to chat with us, e.g. in deciduous and mixed forests, in thickets along the banks of water, especially in areas covered with ferns, blackberries and hazel.When going for a walk in the forest or park, wear a cap or a hat. Don't forget the blouse with sleeves and long trousers.

Ideally, they should be made of tightly woven fabrics in light colors. After the walk, check the baby's skin and yours. Remember that ticks like places under the arms, in the groin and in the hair - wherever the skin is the most delicate. tick-borne encephalitis).

Grab it with tweezers and carefully but firmly twist it out as you twist the screw (don't pull it out!). You can use a special device for this (you can buy it at a pharmacy). Wash the site of the tick bite with soap and water. If you cannot remove the entire tick, see a doctor. A tick stuck in the skin must not be spread with butter, cream or petroleum jelly, because when choking, it can vomit and infect us with diseases it transmits.

Anaphylactic shock after an insect bite

Anaphylactic shock is a life-threatening reaction to an insect sting. The presence of venom in the body causes leakage of blood vessels and their significant expansion, which leads to a sharp drop in pressurearterial. Anaphylactic shock precedes itching in the arms and legs, dizziness, increased heart rate.

This is followed by itchy hives and swelling (usually around the head and neck). The victim may have difficulty breathing, nausea and vomiting appear. Severe anaphylactic shock causes heart problems and loss of consciousness, in which case immediate first aid should be provided. First of all, call an ambulance and remove the sting. If symptoms worsen, apply a tourniquet above the sting site (5-10 cm).

Put ice on the sick area - low temperature will constrict the vessels and less venom will get into the blood. Do not give the sick person anything to drink or eat. Put him on his side so he doesn't choke if he vomits.

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