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Uterine varicose veins is a disease that most often affects women after pregnancy. Uterine varices can manifest as persistent lower abdominal pain for several months. It should prompt you to see a doctor. What are the causes of uterine varicose veins? How to treat uterine varicose veins?

Uterine varicose veinsare most often diagnosed in pregnant women, however, people who lead a sedentary lifestyle may struggle with them. If there is a suspicion that uterine varicose veins may be the cause of the pains in the lower abdomen, you should consult a gynecologist as soon as possible, as specialist treatment is required. Check what are the characteristic symptoms of uterine varicose veins and what are the causes of their formation.

Uterine varicose veins: causes

Factors that increase the risk of uterine varicose veins are:

  • overweight
  • sedentary lifestyle and low physical activity
  • chronic constipation
  • frequent and long hot water baths
  • genetic background
  • Uterine varices in pregnancy: causes

The above-mentioned may be responsible for uterine varicose veins. factors. However, medical practice shows that uterine varices in pregnant women are mainly caused by hormones - especially progesterone produced in excess during pregnancy. During pregnancy, a woman's body also produces estrogen in large amounts. Under the influence of these two hormones, the veins in the pelvic region expand, and thus - the blood flow increases, which systematically weakens the blood vessels. At the same time, during pregnancy, the uterus grows and presses against the veins at the bottom of the pelvis. As a result of these processes, varicose veins appear on the walls of the uterus. For this reason, the discussed problem most often concerns pregnant women.

Uterine varices usually appear in women who already have children, and the interval between pregnancies was relatively short.

Uterine varicose veins: symptoms

Uterine varicose veins are most often manifested by pain in the lower abdomen. If the excessively dilated veins cover the entire pelvic area as well as the anus, slight bleeding may occur.

  • Uterine varicose veins in pregnancy: symptoms

Uterine varicose veins in pregnant womenoften accompanied by haemorrhoids, the so-called hemorrhoids, which are the result of digestive disorders, as well as constipation and varicose veins. Varicose veins of the lower extremities also appear frequently.

It is rare that uterine varices, especially those found in pregnant women, do not give any symptoms.

Varicose veins in pregnancy: diagnosis, treatment and prevention

Ultrasound examination is performed in women who develop pain. It allows you to clearly determine the cause of pain and possible bleeding.

Treatment of uterine varices is simple and non-invasive, and always under medical supervision. Usually, external treatment is used, which consists in applying lotions and creams to the skin, whose task is to shrink the blood vessels. Most often, preparations of this type contain horse chestnut extract, which increases vascular tone and has anti-inflammatory properties.

If this treatment method is unsuccessful, the doctor may decide to:

  • surgical treatment
  • laser treatment
  • sclerotherapy

These types of treatments are not performed during pregnancy, but at the earliest after the end of breastfeeding. Treatment completely eliminates uterine varicose veins.

The prevention of uterine varicose veins is based on a diet rich in vitamin C, which seals the walls of the blood vessels and makes them more flexible.


Uterine varicose veins rarely lead to situations that could threaten the he alth or life of the baby and mother, but they should not be ignored. If left untreated, it can cause complications after delivery, such as inflammation of the veins or thrombosis, and this can be life-threatening. They can also make it difficult to get pregnant again.

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