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Prosthetic bridges are used to rebuild partial missing teeth. Prosthetic bridges are an excellent alternative to removable (removable) dentures, as they provide much greater comfort. However, not everyone who would like to replace the missing teeth can be offered prosthetic bridges by the doctor. What are the indications for the use of prosthetic bridges? What does their assumption look like? What are their types and prices?

Prosthetic bridgesallow you to rebuild missing teeth using the patient's remaining teeth. Prosthetic bridges are made of two elements - pillars and spans. The abutments are two or more tooth crowns that are mounted on the patient's properly ground teeth, located between the tooth gap. In turn, the spans are tooth crowns connected to pillars that are to be inserted in place of the missing teeth. Prosthetic bridges are fixed permanently and thus provide greater comfort thanremovable dentures .

Prosthetic bridges - indications

Prosthetic bridges can be placed only when the patient's own teeth surround the gap. (they are to act as pillars). If the teeth in the upper jaw end, for example, in a four, and the patient would like to rebuild five, six and seven, prosthetic bridges cannot be placed. One tooth is missing, which would act as a bridge support. In such a situation, you can use removable dentures or implants.

Making a bridge requires grinding he althy abutment teeth. For this reason, prosthetic bridges are usually made when the interdental deficiencies are significant. In case of slight deficiencies, the use of implants is preferable.

It should be noted that filling the missing teeth is very important, not only for aesthetic reasons, but also for he alth reasons. Dental gaps can lead to tooth displacement, loss of jawbones, and premature aging of the face. In addition, food debris accumulates in the place of missing teeth, which can lead to gum disease and tooth decay.

Prosthetic bridges - types

  • ceramic bridges (made on a metal foundation - base steel or gold)
  • all-ceramic bridges
  • composite or acrylic bridges as a temporary solution

Prosthetic bridges - how are they put on?

First visit - the doctor assesses the condition of the tooth roots and the surrounding bones. The prerequisite for the installation of bridges is good quality and proper positioning of the abutment teeth.

Second visit

  • grinding the teeth between the gap in the teeth. They will act as pillars

The installation of prosthetic bridges takes place during three medical appointments.

  • making an accurate impression of the teeth that will act as pillars
  • making a second impression - opposing teeth. Thanks to this, the doctor can be sure that the future bridge will fit the bite
  • matching the color of the bridge to the color of the remaining teeth
  • insertion of temporary crowns or bridges to protect polished teeth

Third visit - the doctor checks if the new bridge is the right shape and color. If so, it cements it.

Prosthetic bridges - complications

Prosthetic bridges can lead to various complications such as caries, periodontal damage, inflammation and pulp necrosis. You may even lose teeth that serve as a pillar. That is why the decision about the use of bridges or implantation of implants or the use of a removable denture is made by the doctor. Well-made bridges will allow us to enjoy a beautiful smile for many years.

The shorter the bridge, the smaller the probability of complications.

Loss of retention (stability in the position of the teeth), cracks and chipped veneering material, abrasions of the crowns, leakage of the crowns, loss of aesthetic values ​​may also occur.

In addition, after several years of wearing the bridge, the bones under the span are atrophied. All because of the lack of stimulation. Each tooth, by transferring the chewing forces to the bone, stimulates its development. After the loss of a tooth, the surrounding bones are thinned. A prosthetic bridge does not provide direct bone stimulation at the site of lost teeth. Only implants that are attached directly to the bone provide such stimulation.

Worth knowing

Prosthetic bridges - answers to the most important questions

What is the price of prosthetic bridges? The price of a prosthetic bridge is the number of crowns in the bridge multiplied by the price of a given type of crown. The price of a dental crown ranges from about PLN 600 to even PLN 2000 per piece.

How long does it take to build a prosthetic bridge? About 7 days.

Are prosthetic bridges reimbursed by the National He alth Fund? No.

How to clean prosthetic bridges? You should take care of prosthetic bridges in the same way as your ownteeth - brush at least twice a day for 3 minutes, use dental floss to clean the interdental spaces. An additional treatment is cleaning under the bridge span with a special thread or an irrigator, which is taught by a qualified dental hygienist after the bridges are cemented. You should undergo oral hygiene treatment twice a year.

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