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Teeth sealing is a prophylactic procedure aimed at protecting teeth against decay. Sealing is to protect the grooves of the teeth with a special material, the so-called lacquer. How does teeth sealing work and what are the indications for its implementation? Is it worth undergoing such a treatment? Is sealing teeth harmful?

Teeth varnishingis a procedure that protects teeth against tooth decay, which is the most common disease of teeth and which causes their loss most often. The surface of the teeth, especially the molars, is not flat, it is full of cavities and crevices that facilitate grinding food. It is these places that become the point of plaque deposition and it is there that the most frequent initiation of the development of caries. One of the methods of protecting teeth against this disease issealing .

  1. What is tooth sealing?
  2. When and which teeth should be sealed?
  3. How does the sealing of teeth proceed?

What is tooth sealing?

Teeth sealingis a professional procedure performed in dental offices, which consists in securing tooth fissures and fissures difficult to clean with a special material, the so-called wax. It is usually a preparation that releases fluorine ions, which additionally has a positive effect on the structure of the enamel at the microscopic level. The varnish protects deep grooves against plaque build-up and facilitates tooth cleaning.

Sealing helps to protect teeth against decay, which especially affects the youngest. It is estimated that about 90 percent. Polish children suffer from tooth decay. Some of them, at a very young age, have already lost one of their permanent teeth due to this disease.

The chewing surface of the molars, both deciduous and permanent, and premolars (these are only available in the set of permanent dentition) is decorated with numerous grooves, fissures and smaller or larger depressions. They are difficult to clean even with proper oral hygiene. These places are called places of plaque retention and it is there that the carious process begins most often. The first permanent molars are particularly vulnerable, which additionally - due to the long eruption time - are deprived of the natural cleansing path resulting from tooth and bottom. They erupt around 6-7 years of age as one of the first permanent teeth.

When and which teeth should be sealed?

Sealing is a procedure that can be performed on all molars, both deciduous and permanent, and premolars. The most common teeth are permanent molars (especially the first molars). Sealing should be performed as soon as possible after the tooth has erupted, i.e. in the case of the first permanent molars at the age of approx. 6-8 years. Then it is worth visiting the dentist for check-ups and sealing the teeth on a regular basis. The surface of the tooth to be treated should be free of any signs of caries.

Worth knowing

Coating is reimbursed by the National He alth Fund

Coating is a treatment reimbursed by the National He alth Fund. There are, however, a few "buts". The procedure can be performed only up to the age of 8 and only on the first molars.

How does the sealing of teeth proceed?

Teeth sealing is a quick and painless procedure. A small patient can choose the color of the lacquer to be used (as long as the office has colored materials). In the first stage, the dentist cleans the tooth surface to which the varnish will be attached. A special brush is used for this, mounted on the micromotor. It looks and works like an ordinary electric toothbrush. After thorough cleaning of the grooves, a gel etch is applied to the surface of the tooth. Thanks to it, the material used to seal the fissures accurately and firmly adheres to the tooth surface. The etchant is rinsed with water and the tooth surface is thoroughly dried. The dryness of the substrate is essential, therefore it is necessary to use lignin rollers to absorb saliva and keep the tooth dry during the procedure. Then the doctor applies a thin layer of lacquer to the furrows and spreads it thoroughly - it should tightly cover all the furrows and depressions on the chewing surface of the tooth. The crevice wax has a liquid consistency, so it is very easy to apply. Finally, the lacquer is irradiated with a special lamp, which causes the preparation to bind. Its consistency changes from liquid to solid. Now the only thing left to do is check if the applied sealing wax does not disturb the short circuit, i.e. that the tooth does not "stick out" above the other teeth.

Worth knowing

What is the difference between sealing, varnishing and marking teeth?Although their names are very similar, each of these three treatments is different.

  • sealingof teeth is aboutsecuring the unevenness of the tooth surface with a special material called varnish
  • varnishingconsists in covering the entire surface of the tooth with a thin layer of a fluoride-releasing preparation. The task of fluoride is to strengthen the microscopic structure of the enamel, which makes it more resistant to pH drop in the oral cavity. The applied fluoride preparation dries on the tooth, forming a thin cover which is rinsed out after several hours
  • lapisowanieis a method of caries treatment, which consists in an attempt to inhibit the caries process with the use of special chemical preparations, most often silver nitrate. After lapping, the treated teeth become black discoloration

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