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Pulmonologist (pneumologist) is a doctor who diagnoses and treats all respiratory diseases, although we most often associate it with lung diseases. Read about what symptoms you can see a pulmonology specialist. What tests does the pulmonologist perform and which specific diseases are diagnosed?

What does a pulmonologist do?

Pulmonologist (pneumonologist)deals with diseases and congenital defects of the respiratory system. He recognizes diseases and recommends appropriate treatment, and also informs about the prevention of respiratory diseases. It is worth visiting a specialist in the field ofpulmonologynot only if you suspect a lung disease. A pulmonologist can also help us with a number of other diseases.

What symptoms should you report to a pulmonologist?

It is advisable to visit the pulmonologist if the patient experiences the following symptoms:

  • getting tired quickly and having trouble catching breath even with little effort;
  • wheezing, shortness of breath, frequent coughing, tightness in the chest - these symptoms, especially if they intensify in the morning and at night, may indicate asthma;
  • hemoptysis;
  • recurring pneumonia;
  • breathing disorders (fast or slow, shallow or deep breathing);
  • lung injuries resulting from chest injuries;
  • the appearance of fluid in the pleural cavity (may be evidence of dyspnea);

It is also worth visiting a pulmonologist if the person is a smoker or is often among smokers.

Read also: You must know this when you smoke cigarettes

What does the pulmonologist treat?

The above symptoms may indicate a number of diseases treated by the pulmonologist. Among them are the following diseases:

  • bronchial asthma,
  • pneumothorax,
  • bronchitis,
  • bronchiectasis,
  • pneumonia,
  • pneumoconiosis,
  • cystic fibrosis,
  • chronic obstructive pulmonary disease;
  • interstitial lung disease;
  • tuberculosis;
  • lung cancer,
  • Sarcoidosis.

What tests does the pulmonologist perform?

Based on the interview collected from the patient, the pulmonologist directs him toresearch:

  • spirometry;
  • skin tests (not in all clinics, more often such a referral is issued by an allergist);
  • inhalation provocation tests;
  • bronchoscopy;
  • blood serum testing to measure specific antibody levels.

Read also: Hyperventilation: causes, symptoms, first aid

How is the treatment at the pulmonologist?

Treatment by a pulmonologist depends on a specific diagnosis made for a given patient based on the interpretation of the tests ordered. If necessary, the pulmonologistwill refer the patient to a surgical procedurewill perform a decompression procedure, remove foreign bodies from the trachea, bronchi, lungs. The pulmonologist may also refer a person for treatment in a spa or sanatorium.

Children's pulmonologist, the so-called child lung disease doctor

Children's pulmonologist deals with medical care for people up to 18 years of age. When does the little patient come to him? It is worth visiting a pulmonologist when:

  • the newborn has a genetic disease or a congenital defect related to the respiratory system;
  • allergy is suspected in the child;
  • a foreign body has found its way into the child's respiratory tract;
  • the child has an allergy manifested in the respiratory system;
  • baby sucks air through mouth instead of nose;
  • the child recurs infections and coughs for a long time.

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