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There are only four vitamins that fat likes. What exactly is the difference between fat-soluble vitamins and water-soluble vitamins?
Mostvitaminsour body is unable to store their excess and we excrete their excess with urine or sweat. But vitaminsA ,D ,EandK , i.e. the soluble ones in fats, they are deposited in adipose tissue and in the liver. This is an advantage - there is no risk of a shortage, but on the other hand, their excess can be harmful.
Vitamin Acomes in two forms: as retinol in animal products (milk, butter, eggs, liver and sea fish) - just overdosing it is harmful - and in the form of provitamin A , i.e. beta-carotene in products of plant origin (yellow, red and orange vegetables and fruits as well as green-leaved vegetables). An excess of this vitamin causes loss of appetite, skin changes, muscle weakness, and growth inhibition in children.
Vitamin Dis supplied with food (sea fish and fish oil are abundant), but it is also produced in the body by ultraviolet rays acting on the skin. In order to generate the right amount of this vitamin, it is enough to expose a part of the body to the sun for 20 minutes. In excess, it is the most toxic of vitamins, overdosing may cause vomiting, nausea, calcification of the arteries, and kidney damage.
Vitamin Eis contained in plant foods (oils, almonds, nuts, wheat germ, green leafy vegetables). Its good sources are also butter, eggs and sprats. It is difficult to overdose vitamin E in food, it is possible with supplementation.
Vitamin Kis found in green leafy vegetables, fruit peel. It is also produced by intestinal bacteria. Excess of this vitamin (occurring less frequently than deficiency) can lead to anemia.