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Vodka is a strong alcoholic drink. There are different types of vodka, and thus - its prices are different, but Polish vodka is the most popular one. It is the alcohol most often chosen at parties and social gatherings, e.g. at a wedding. Vodka can be consumed as a stand-alone drink or you can prepare drinks based on it. However, you have to be moderate, because the percentages and calories provided by vodka are not indifferent to your he alth.


  1. Vodka - production methods and types
  2. Vodka - calories and he alth effects
  3. Vodka - allergy to vodka
  4. Vodka - the weirdest vodka in the world

Vodkais an alcoholic beverage consisting of ethanol and water, and sometimes with added aromas and flavors.

It is worth knowing that the minimum alcohol content in vodka is 37.5%. According to the EU definition, a spirit drink having an alcoholic strength by volume of less than 37.5% cannot be considered a vodka. Traditionally, vodkas in Poland are characterized by an alcoholic strength by volume of 40%.

The origin of vodka is still a topic of discussion. It is assumed that the distillation process was known in Middle Eastern civilizations, and it is certain that the process was known in Ancient Greece in the 4th century AD and was duplicated by the Arabs from which it came to Europe.

The word vodka comes from the Slavic word "voda" which literally means "water".

Some sources say that vodka was first produced in Russia in the 9th century. Another thing is that Poland is a pioneer in the production of vodka.

Originally, vodka had he alth significance - it was treated as a medicine, and the alcohol content in the drink was only 14%.

Nowadays, vodka is also used as a medicine, and its moderate consumption may have beneficial effects on he alth, which has been scientifically proven.

Vodka - production methods and types

Vodka is obtained by fermenting potatoes or cereals: rye, wheat, barley and oats. This process produces a mixture of ethyl alcohol from simple sugars contained in the raw material or released from complex carbohydrates and other by-products. Then, in the process of distillation and rectification, ethyl alcohol is released.

Polish Vodka should be served at a temperature ranging from 6 ° C to 8 ° C. This is when we can most accurately feel the taste and aroma of the drink.

Vodka is divided into several types:

1. Pure vodkas - consisting of water and rectified spirit, diluted with water

  • plain vodkas: rectified grain or potato spirit
  • select vodkas: double-rectified spirit
  • luxury vodkas: made from repeatedly rectified spirit

2. Quality vodkas - consisting of rectified spirit, water, plant extracts, sugar and others, as well as beverages made from rectified fruit and herbal distillates (e.g. brandy, grappa, gin, anise) and non-rectified distillates (e.g. rum, brandy, plum brandy ).

3. Moonshine - made from non-rectified spirit

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Vodka - calories and he alth effects

Vodka is a caloric drink - 100 g of this product contains 231 kcal. Excessive consumption of vodka can be dangerous not only to the figure, but also to he alth and lead to addiction.

  • Vodka and the cardiovascular system

Vodka increases the risk of heart disease. In addition, it raises blood pressure, which can lead to a stroke or heart attack.

However, available epidemiological data indicate that moderate vodka consumption has a lower risk of mortality from coronary artery disease.

However, recent studies have reported that in addition to alcohol consumption, other factors such as lifestyle, diet and physical activity also have to reduce the risk of mortality.

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  • Vodka and the nervous system

Vodka in excess has a negative effect on the nervous system, leads to disorders of motor functions, locomotion and speech.

The first symptoms of brain damage include impaired concentration and delayed responses to stimuli.

  • Vodka and liver

Even small doses of vodka can affect liver function, causing the accumulation of fat in the liver cells (fatty liver) and inhibition of processes in the liver, such as maintaining blood sugar levels and metabolism of drugs.

Excessive consumption of vodka damages the liver, leading to alcoholic hepatitis, which over time leads to death.

  • Vodka and the pancreas

Excessive consumptionvodka has a negative effect on the pancreas, leading to low blood glucose or hypoglycaemia.

  • Vodka and the endocrine system

Excessive consumption of vodka leads to erectile dysfunction in men and reduces the production of sex hormones.

Women who consume vodka in excess have an earlier menopause and an increased risk of infertility.

GOOD TO KNOW: He alth effects of alcohol abuse - reversible and irreversible changes in the body

  • Vodka and breast cancer in women

Studies have shown an increased risk of breast cancer in women who drank vodka (compared to those who never drink).

As the frequency of drinking vodka has increased in the past, the risk of breast cancer in women under the age of 50 increases in the past.

Worth knowing

Vodka a savoir-vivre

Pure vodkas are served in glasses. The dry ones are served in 35-40 ml glasses, and the sweet flavors in smaller ones - 20-25 ml.

As snacks, we serve dry, bitter or stomach vodkas, while with the main meal rather semi-dry or semi-sweet, depending on the dishes served.

The only alcohol that can be drunk "at once" is vodka. However, on official occasions, it is worth dividing a portion of vodka into at least two parts. Tilting the head back is not recommended. Griping your face after drinking strong alcohol is also not appropriate.

Sweet vodkas, i.e. "Ladies", you can drink warm, for example, instead of the liqueur in coffee. Semi-dry or semi-sweet vodkas are served chilled, and sweet and liqueurs - at room temperature.

Vodka - allergy to vodka

Vodka allergy is very rare. The main cause of allergy to vodka is hypersensitivity to ethyl alcohol. The metabolite of ethanol - acetaldehyde is considered to be an allergic factor.

The main symptoms of a vodka allergy are:

Pablo Picasso was a lover of Polish Vodka. According to the creator, "Three extraordinary inventions of the 20th century are blues, cubism and Polish Vodka".

  • erythema, redness, hives
  • conjunctival redness
  • tearing,
  • runny nose,
  • cough
  • increased heart rate

Another reason for a reaction to vodka is an allergy to its ingredients: corn, wheat or barley, and - in the case of quality vodkas - to an additional ingredient that gives it a characteristic taste and color.

Worth knowing

The weirdest vodkas in the world

  • smoked salmon flavored vodka - made on abased on wild Alaskan smoked salmon with a fishy flavor
  • wasabi vodka - this green vodka is saturated with spicy Asian spices, the taste has a fiery, horseradish baking
  • triple distilled vodka from whey, sugar and spring water.
  • vodka made from animal genitals. It is sold in supermarkets all over China
  • vodka with cobra and scorpion

There are also vodkas flavored with… popcorn, frosted donuts, chewing gum or sweet marshmallows. These are American inventions. There is also vodka in the US that is inspired by the popular American snack, peanut butter sandwich and jam.

Homemade lemon vodka

Source: Gotować

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