- Obese children: dangerous metabolic syndrome
- Obese children: victims of serious diseases
- Obese children: important 4 hours of exercise
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An obese child is a sick child, and more than sure that he will grow up to be a sick adult. And Polish children are among the world's top obese children. Do you know what threatens an obese child? What diseases does childhood obesity cause?
Obese childnot only has troubles in the group of peers, but also suffers from various ailments typical of adults. Hypertension, atherosclerosis, overloaded joints make his everyday life difficult.
Obese children: dangerous metabolic syndrome
The negative impact of obesity on the he alth of a child and a much greater susceptibility to diseases in adulthood was proved by the American scientist Dr. John Morrison, who in the 1970s examined over 700 children and adolescents. In some of them he found the so-called metabolic syndrome, or ailments related to abnormal metabolism:
The same people were tested again after 25 years. It turned out that those who were diagnosed with metabolic syndrome in childhood were 15 times more likely to suffer from heart and circulatory system diseases in their adult lives.
Obese children: victims of serious diseases
Obesity in children and adolescents leads to overload of the osteoarticular system, i.e. skeletal deformation, posture defects and irreversible changes in the joints (mainly hip and knee joints). The excess of adipose tissue disturbs the lipid metabolism: it causes an increase in the concentration of triglycerides, free fatty acids, which promotes atherosclerosis. It impairs glucose tolerance, and thus promotes the development of type 2 diabetes (formerly known as adult diabetes!). It has also been proven that obesity increases the risk of developing cancer and causes serious emotional disturbances (about 10% of children suffer from depression due to obesity).
Obese children: important 4 hours of exercise
In the case of a child, exercise protects against excess weight more effectively than diet. The right dose of physical effort supports its development, strengthens immunity and prevents the accumulation of adipose tissue. At a younger school age, it needs min. 5 and 1/2 hours of varied physical activity, in the older one - 4 (World He alth Organization standards). It has to be adapted to the child's preferences (e.g.do not force you to go to the swimming pool if you do not like it), because only then will we instill in it a habit of practicing sports permanently. Meanwhile, in Poland, over 30 percent. high school students have a sick leave from PE lessons or do not exercise, explaining that they do not wear sports clothes.