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They attack in broad daylight, in full sun. You will meet them in the meadows. Their bites are very painful and bleed. What to do if you are bitten by a horse fly, also known as a horsefly?

The bite of a horse's fly is very unpleasant and painful. What to do so that it does not hurt so that there is no unsightly bubble on the skin?

Horse flies are also colloquially called horse flies or bovine bitterns, but they are actually the rain flies, a species of the fly.

What does a horse fly bite look like?

Horse flies are slightly larger than a regular fly, they have larger wings, they are grayish. In order for the female to lay eggs, she must drink blood. Anyone who has encountered a blackweed knows that their bite hurts a lot. It has to do with the design of their mouthparts, which are equipped with sharp and strong mandibles and jaws. They are able to cut open the skin to drink blood from the wound that has been formed. Their saliva prevents blood from clotting.

Depending on the person's sensitivity, a red stain appears at the site of the bite, sometimes blood oozes, the site swells hard and hot.

Pain is unfortunately not the only thing you should be afraid of in contact with a tooth.

What else is at risk of being bitten by a horse fly?

  • skin irritation
  • swelling
  • infection may develop at the site of the bite
  • people who are allergic to their saliva may develop a severe allergic reaction or even anaphylactic shock

There is one known case of the immediate death of a person bitten by a throat due to anaphylaxis, which means it is possible.

Where are horse flies found?

Bovine bittern (horse fly) breeds from June to August. It attacks both animals and humans. Horse flies are more active in hot weather, so you have a better chance of encountering them then. The sun doesn't bother them, on the contrary.

The penchant for moisture makes these insects particularly hard on those places where most people spend their holidays, i.e. by the water:

  • over the artificial swimming pool
  • by the river
  • with a pond
  • by the lake
  • near forest swamps
  • in the swamps.

They often attack in swarms. They are stubborn and ruthless, they attack until the end. They're also durable, so one careless "smack" might notenough to neutralize them.

Read also:

  • Proven remedies for fluff bites
  • Home remedies for mosquito blisters

What attracts horse flies?

The presence of water, and even better wet skin after it comes out, is an extremely effective lure for horse flies.

  • The favorite victims of females are large, dark colored mammals, including humans. Therefore, when we go to the water or it is hot, we should not wear dark colored clothes.
  • They are also attracted by movement.
  • Reflecting surfaces.
  • Warm.
  • The carbon dioxide we exhale.
  • How to remove a tick?
  • Erythema traveling through a tick bite - how to recognize it?

What to do when a horse fly bites us?

Insect spray is not likely to work against insects at all. All that remains is to avoid them, and when it is impossible to soothe the effects of the bite, which is usually a red, painful swelling at the site of the injection.

You can use:

for horse bites
  • oral antiallergic agent - preferably as soon as possible (fexofenadine hydrochloride and others, many available over the counter in pharmacies). They also relieve symptoms such as redness, swelling and itching, so the swelling fades away and only a red mark from the bite remains.
  • antihistamine ointment / gel that acts as an antipruritic, local antiallergic, reduces swelling, cools and has local anesthetic properties
  • you can drink calcium, which is helpful in allergies and itching
  • disinfect the bite site with an alcohol-based disinfectant, which will also numb the sore and itchy skin.

In case of severe reactions, contact your doctor as soon as possible.

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