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A diabetic diet requires discipline, consistency and a change in eating habits. However, it does not have to be monotonous and devoid of goodies. Believe us - the nutritional recommendations we provide especially for people with diabetes will make your meals tasty and your family will also like them.
It is said thatdiabetestype II is a disease of civilization. This means that, in addition to genetic predisposition, she is favored by bad eating habits, lack of exercise and a nervous lifestyle. In adulthood, diabetes is not always associated with a lack of insulin, the hormone necessary to supply cells withglucose . They lose their ability to respond to insulin over time and fail to pick up the sugar circulating in the blood. The "sugar-free" blood insidiously destroys the kidneys, heart, liver, blood vessels and even the nervous system. Fortunately, thanks to a change in lifestyle anddiets , diabetes can be successfully combated.
Sugar in a diabetic's diet
I'm talking about sugars, of course. Simple ones raise blood glucose rapidly, while complex ones release it gradually. Therefore, you must not only count calories, but also plan your meals so as not to exceed the recommended dose of carbohydrates and pay attention to their type. Avoid simple sugars, such as fructose, found in all foods that contain sugar, as well as in sweet fruit (especially dried). Use only sweeteners to sweeten your drinks. The source of "good" for your body complex sugars is starch contained, among others in grains, vegetables and little sweet fruit. You can freely include green and red low-carb vegetables in your diet: cabbage, cauliflower, cucumbers, spinach, lettuce, tomatoes, radishes, and peppers.Important
Any strict dietary recommendations will always depend on the accompanying diseases and the degree of obesity. It is also important to remember that each diet must cover the body's need for energy and nutrients, vitamins and minerals. But first you need to lose weight. If you suffer from severe obesity, meals must not exceed 1000-1200 kcal in the first phase of treatment. After gaining a satisfactory weight, their calorific value may increase to 1600-1800 kcal.
The level of carbohydrates in the diet of people with diabetes
It is assumed thatthe acceptable level of carbohydrates in a diabetic's diet should be in the range of 140 - 400 g per day. The younger and more physically active a person is, the higher this limit is. However, you cannot eat too little carbohydrate. The body's self-defense will begin to produce them from proteins and fat. By the way, unfortunately, it also produces ketone compounds that can lead to coma. This happens sometimes after a patient has injected too much insulin, causing blood glucose levels to drop rapidly. For this reason, it is recommended that insulin-dependent patients always have something sweet with them, which they will be able to compensate for sugar deficiency.
Fats in a diabetic diet
In a well-balanced diet for each of us, fats should not exceed 20 - 30 percent. the caloric value of the food. The quality of fat is of particular importance in the menu of diabetics; livestock contain cholesterol and saturated acids, contributing to the development of atherosclerosis, a disease that is particularly prone to cyclists. Therefore, lard, lard and butter must be eliminated from the diet. Like all cream cakes and greasy ice cream.
Protein in a diabetic's diet
The amount of meat you eat depends on how much fat you eat. Only animal protein contains the complete set of amino acids necessary for its assimilation. The diet should also include vegetable protein (no more than 140 g per day). If you have kidney problems, it must be less than the value given here, but only your doctor can decide on the limitation. Choose lean meats and cold cuts, fish, milk (only skimmed), white rather than yellow cheese, and don't overdo it with the number of eggs you eat.
A diabetic diet requires discipline
The diabetic diet is consistent with the recommendations of he althy eating. It only requires more discipline, because the consequences of not following it are more serious than in the case of he althy people. Believe us, this can be a kitchen for the whole family. You just need to remember to eat five times a day and maintain a similar carbohydrate content for each meal. The tables of exchanges used in diabetic cookbooks, i.e. products with the same carbohydrate, protein and fat content, will help you plan your menu. In the case of meat, fish and green vegetables, we only count the caloric value (they have no carbohydrates).monthly "Zdrowie"