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Ophthalmoplasty is a field that includes modern surgical and laser procedures performed on the eyelids, the outer part of the eyeball and on the eye protection apparatus. Ophthalmologists also perform treatments of the tear ducts and orbit, as well as diagnose and treat all neoplastic and post-accident lesions. The most frequently performed procedures include the correction of drooping eyelids, the so-called blepharoplasty.

Oculoplasty ranks first in the world among the number of plastic surgeries. But drooping eyelids, chalazion and the so-called Yellow tufts are not only an aesthetic problem, but also a medical one that most often affects women over 40.

Why it is worth visiting an ophthalmologist with these diseases, says doctor Łukasz Szmuksta from the Optegra Ophthalmology Clinic.

Sight is a strategic sense that, like the others, was supposed to serve us as a species for survival. Our eye is always ready for action and never needs rest, but the muscles and eyelids that are responsible for the movement of the eyeball need it. And they are most likely to fall and lose their firmness over time.

Oculoplasty and a drooping eyelid

A drooping eyelid is a condition that statistically most often affects people over 40, obese and fair-skinned people.

If the skin on the eyelids becomes flaccid and loses its firmness, they can form on the eyelids, the so-called overhangs that cause them to fall.

Apart from the not very aesthetic visual effect in the form of a clearly drooping eyelid, this defect can be dangerous to our he alth.

- It happens that the drooping upper eyelid blocks our field of vision. The limited ability to see may, in turn, cause great discomfort in everyday functioning, as well as cause a threat, for example, when driving a car - says Dr. Szmuksta.

In turn, a drooping lower eyelid can lead to a condition called dry eye syndrome. Living with this syndrome means a lot of discomfort. The eye, devoid of the natural protective barrier created by the appropriate amount of the tear film, is more likely to suffer from bacterial, fungal and viral infections. In some cases, dry eye syndrome can lead to corneal clouding.

- Cause of formationDry eye syndrome can also be hormonal or metabolic disorders, which is why it often affects women in the menopausal period, says the ophthalmologist.

Ophthalmoplasty and skin changes around the eyelids

Another popular problem is skin lesions appearing around the eyes. These include visible yellow tufts, also known as jaundice, most often appearing on the upper eyelids. Such changes may indicate an increased level of the so-called bad cholesterol, which may indicate unconscious problems with the circulatory system.

Gradówka is another condition that occurs around the eyes. It is a small lump that can be located on both the upper and lower eyelids. Usually it's not painful, but it gets in the way. Untreated chalazion causes eye irritation and redness, and sometimes swelling. By putting pressure on the cornea, it can become infected in extreme situations and break through to the conjunctival sac.

Ophthalmoplasty - one day surgery

Oculoplastic treatments are treatments in the field of the so-called one-day surgeries that last several hours at the most.

- As a rule, the patient can return to normal functioning the next day. Due to the fact that the skin on the eyelids is very thin and there are no visible scars and cuts, convalescence is usually very quick - says the specialist.

- I encourage you to consult an ophthalmologist and an ophthalmologist - emphasizes Łukasz Szmuksta. - As experts in the treatment of eye diseases and vision defects, we will be able to advise patients on the safest and best way to solve their problem.

Ophthalmoplasty - how to choose a specialist?

- I encourage you to choose a reputable ophthalmology clinic and an expert with many years of experience in the case of procedures performed in the eye area - emphasizes Łukasz Szmuksta. - According to postoperative research, these two factors minimize the risk of a poorly performed procedure.

The right choice will not only speed up recovery after surgery, but also prevent complications such as: asymmetry of the eyelids and eyelid slits or overcorrection, which may result in non-closing of the eyelids and complications related to wound healing.

In this case, we may be dealing with wound infections, parting of the wound edges or keloid formation, i.e. excessive production of collagen in the scar.

Worth knowing

Dr. Łukasz Szmuksta, cooperating with Optegra clinics

A graduate of the Faculty of Medicine of the Collegium Medicum of the Jagiellonian University in Krakow. An ophthalmologist with 13 years of professional experience in bothconservative treatment, as well as ophthalmic surgery involving cataract surgery, treating injuries of the eyeball and the protective apparatus of the eye, anti-glaucoma, laser and other treatments. He specializes in oculoplastic procedures, including tuck-up, unrolling, drooping eyelid surgeries, removal of pterygium and various nodules, as well as cataract surgery, including complicated cataract surgery. He is constantly improving his skills by taking part in numerous national and international trainings and symposia, mainly in the field of ophthalmic surgery, among others: European School for Advanced Studies in Ophtalmology at University of M alta- Orbital, Lacrimal & Ophtalmic Plastic Surgery, European Society of Ophtalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery (ESOPRS) - Barcelona, ​​Munich International Symposium on Ophtalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - Munich.

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