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Perhaps for many months you have not dreamed of anything else but finally getting pregnant. Or maybe the other way around: at the moment you were not planning offspring and your mind was (is) completely different. Either way, it happened: you are pregnant. Find out what awaits you in the first trimester of pregnancy.

First trimester of pregnancy: first month

A fertilized egg divides into cells that engage in the lining of the womb - the main organs, including the heart, are formed.The embryois the size of a grain of rice. You don't have periods, but you may have spotting or bleeding around days 11-12 after conception, but notmenstruation . Sometimes there are as many as three consecutive bleeds on the dates of your normal period. The breasts are swollen and tender. Pimples may appear on the skin, and the body temperature rises to 37 degrees C. Sometimes you feel drowsy and tired, as well as morning sickness (sometimes it can last all day). You can also be irritable and have mood swings. Hormonal changes in your body are responsible for everything. Try to rest and avoid stress. Pay close attention to what and how much you eat, as it has a great impact on the condition of the baby after birth and also on your well-being. Inthe first trimester of pregnancyyour energy requirement is around 2,300 kcal.

What cannot be done in the first trimester of pregnancy?

First trimester of pregnancy: second month

The embryo is now in its most important stage of development, the so-called organogenesis, i.e. the formation of individual organs. It will end around the 11th week of pregnancy. In addition to, among others the nucleus of the brain and spinal cord, the umbilical cord is formed, through which the baby receives oxygen and nutrients from you, and harmful waste products are removed. Around day 21, the heart begins to beat. At the end of the month, the embryo is 1.5 cm long, and from then on it is called a fetus. Morning sickness will soothe a few rusks with tea. Eat less abundant meals more times a day. Drink plenty of fluids. Rest as much as possible. The body begins to store the supplies needed to nourish the fetus as well as breastfeed. Normal weight gain during pregnancy is 8-15 kilograms. The diet should be varied and richwith building components and vitamins.


Doctors recommend that we should take 0.4 mg of folic acid every day a few months before pregnancy, which prevents defects of the central nervous system. In the first trimester, after consulting your doctor, you can increase this amount up to 1 mg. Rich in this vitamin are, among others Also: soybeans, rice, lentils and egg yolks, orange juice, beans, chicory, peas, green leafy vegetables.

First trimester of pregnancy: third month

The child weighs about 4 g, measures 4 cm (even 7 cm at the end of the month), with the head making up half of its body length. His body becomes sensitive to touch. It "exercises" the muscles, "learns" the sucking reflex. The fingers and toes are formed, the skeletal system begins to form. He can now make some movements with his hands and feet. Sexual organs are formed ( although sex cannot be determined by ultrasound) and hair. Everyone can already see that you are pregnant. The breasts are getting bigger, the areola around the nipples darken, and colostrum (first milk) may also appear. Headaches and accompanying vomiting may add to the feeling of drowsiness and fatigue. Do not underestimate them and be sure to see a doctor, as they may indicate elevated blood pressure. You have "cravings". Discoloration may appear on the face - it is chloasma, but it will disappear after childbirth - use sunscreen creams. At week 12, your doctor will ask you to undergo an ultrasound to check that your pregnancy is going well and to set an approximate due date. Now you can do your first prenatal tests.

You must do it

Find a good gynecologist you trust! You will visit him every month. Contact him immediately when:

  • you have a genital haemorrhage (in this case go to the hospital immediately);
  • you have lower abdominal pain;
  • you notice abnormal vaginal discharge, itching or vaginal discharge.

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