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First aid for internal bleeding is usually limited to calling an ambulance. Only a physician can stop internal bleeding. Until the arrival of the ambulance, bystanders can only reduce the effects of bleeding, e.g. by properly positioning the patient. Find out what is the management of internal bleeding.

First aid for internal hemorrhageis only an attempt to reduce the effects of hemorrhage, mainly through proper positioning of the patient and monitoring his vital signs. People who help the injured person cannot stop the haemorrhage.

The characteristic symptoms of internal hemorrhage are pale skin, general weakness, accelerated and barely perceptible pulse (threadlike pulse), significant drop in blood pressure, scotoma in front of the eyes, anxiety, tinnitus, cold sweat, and in some cases loss of consciousness. In the case of intracranial hemorrhage, uneven pupils will be characteristic, and in the case of hemorrhage in the upper part of the digestive system, fuzzy vomiting. In turn, foamy and bloody sputum indicates a pulmonary hemorrhage.

Internal haemorrhage - first aid

First, call an ambulance. Then loosen the victim's clothes or remove them to facilitate breathing. Then, if possible, identify the site of the hemorrhage and cover it with ice, e.g. in the form of a towel soaked in water or an ice bag.

Next, place the injured in the appropriate position: anti-shock (the patient lies flat with his legs slightly raised above the level of the chest) or with a hip-knee bend (in the case of intra-abdominal hemorrhage) or in a sitting position ( in pulmonary haemorrhage).

If the victim is unconscious, place the victim in the recovery position and cover (e.g. with a blanket or jacket).

In addition, the breathing and heart rate of the patient should be monitored all the time. If there is a cardiac arrest, no heart rate is felt, and the patient stops breathing, initiate CPR (heart massage and artificial respiration).

You must not move the injured person or give him anything to eat or drink. In the case of gastrointestinal hemorrhage, you can only moisturizethe victim's mouth with water or give him ice cubes to suck (of course only if he is conscious).

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