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I have been diagnosed with gestational diabetes. I gave up all simple sugars, I eliminate them from my diet - sugars in the upper limits are around 110. The diabetologist allowed me to have ice cream sometimes. However, it has been indicated in many forums that they raise sugar. I allowed myself 2 times. Each time I measured sugar after 20, 40 and 60 minutes and it did not exceed 100. Is it possible that they do not raise my sugar and I can afford it? Do I also have to follow the diet and measurements during the puerperium, or just repeat the curve after the puerperium?

A diet for gestational diabetesshould be rich in complex carbohydrates and fiber. You should avoid simple fats and carbohydrates. The diet should contain all the nutrients: protein, fats, carbohydrates, minerals and vitamins. It is important to maintain an appropriate calorific value, regularity of meals, selection of products and the method of their preparation.

With gestational diabetes, you need to avoid large fluctuations in blood glucose and keep its value constant. This is possible thanks to regular, small meals and complex carbohydrates. The body digests and absorbs them without causing a sudden increase in blood glucose levels. Such products include:

  • coarse bread
  • groats
  • oat and barley flakes
  • brown rice
  • wholemeal pasta

Please eat a lot of vegetables, they are rich in important fiber in the diet.

You should limit your eating of fruit, because they contain a lot of simple sugars. It is best to eliminate it completely, however:

  • grapes
  • bananas
  • dried fruit
  • sweet drinks, juices
  • syrups
  • sweet yoghurts and cheese
  • cakes
  • sweets
  • chocolate
  • sugar
  • honey
  • jams
  • halvah
  • ice cream

Protein is an important source of energy, you should provide it in the form of lean meats (poultry, fish, veal), milk and dairy products. However, it is important that they contain as little fat as possible and that they are not sweetened.

Please limit animal fats in favor of vegetable fats, e.g. rapeseed oil, soybean oil, olive oil. The best methods of heat treatment will be cooking, steaming, stewing, baking in foil, grilling.

According to whatI wrote earlier, I advise against eating ice cream, because they have a lot of simple sugars, which will raise blood glucose levels.

Following gestational diabetes, most women return to normal glucose levels within 6 weeks of childbirth. After 6 weeks, you should do the 75g glucose loading test again.

  • What you need to know about diabetes?

Remember that our expert's answer is informative and will not replace a visit to the doctor.

Agnieszka Ślusarska

Owner of the 4LINE Dietary Clinic, chief dietitian at the Plastic Surgery Clinic of Dr. A. Sankowski, tel .: 502 501 596, www.4line.pl

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