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Gonorrhea (tryper) is a venereal disease, the symptoms of which in men include: purulent discharge from the urethra. In women, gonorrhea is often asymptomatic, sometimes there is vaginal discharge. The test that allows to detect gonorrhea is a swab from the vagina, throat, urethra, and anus to check for the presence of Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Treatment of gonorrhea involves the administration of antibiotics.

Gonorrheais a sexually transmitted disease caused by bacteriaNeisseria gonorrhoeae . They are called splits because they always appear in pairs: in pairs, often also in a common envelope. Rarely, but it happens, gonococci can cause conjunctivitis, arthritis, periostitis, and meningitis.

Gonorrhea - pathways of infection

Bacteria that cause gonorrhea thrive in a warm and humid environment, so intimate areas are a perfect place to live for them. Infection can occur during sexual intercourse - including anal and oral intercourse.

According to the latest research, gonorrhea can survive up to 4 hours on the so-called inorganic surfaces, e.g. on a toilet seat or towel!

You can also get infected with gonorrhea as a result of using the same items as the sick person (e.g. sponges, bedding, underwear, towels). The risk of infection is also high in swimming pools and in saunas. It is also possible to transfer the disease from mother to child during childbirth.

Gonorrhea - symptoms

MenGonorrheadevelops much faster than women and can be detected faster. Already 3-5 days after infection, purulent discharge from the urethra appears. It is accompanied by severe burning and pain when urinating. Women usually develop a slight vaginal discharge 1-2 weeks late, sometimes urethritis and endocervical inflammation.

Symptoms of gonorrhea in menSymptoms of gonorrhea in women
purulent (white, yellow) urethral dischargepurulent discharge
pain and burning when urinatingpain and burning when urinating
pain and burning during an erectionmenstrual cycle disorders (irregular bleeding, spotting)
rare: fever, epididymitis, glans inflammation, prostatitisrare: inflammation of the fallopian tubes, ovaries, lower abdominal pain

Gonorrhea - skin symptoms

In 0.5-3% of casesgonorrheamanifests itself as skin lesions. They are more common in women than in men and are a result of the spread of bacteria through the bloodstream.

In men, the risk of infection with gonorrhea bacteria through vaginal intercourse with an infected woman is 20%. In women in the same situation, the risk is 60-80%.

Dermalgonorrhea symptomsare visible mainly on the hands and feet. These are characteristic necrotic pustules surrounded by an inflammatory border, the so-calledkeratodermia blenorrhagica .

Gonorrhea - symptoms

As a result of oral intercourse, gonorrhea bacteria can penetrate the throat mucosa.The symptoms of gonorrheaof the throat include :

  • reddening of the mucosa,
  • sore throat when swallowing,
  • swelling of the palatal arches,
  • purulent tonsillitis.
Super Gonorrhea - Mutant gonorrhea is attacking. It cannot be cured

Super gonorrhea isGonorrhearesistant to medications used so far. This means that its treatment is very difficult, and sometimes impossible. Every time a new type of antibiotic is used against it, it evolves to overcome it. The situation is serious because - according to WHO data - the disease affects as many as 78 million people every year.



Apart from gonorrhea, the most common disease of the genitourinary organs in men is non-gonococcal urethritis, and in women - the mucous membranes of the urethra and vagina. It can be caused by bacteria, protozoa, yeasts and viruses. Infection usually occurs through sexual contact. Symptoms appear one to several weeks after infection. A characteristic symptom of non-gonococcal urethritis is scanty mucus discharge, which usually appears after a night's rest or during the day, after a longer period of not urinating. Treatment depends on the cause of the disease.

Gonorrhea - diagnosis

Gonorrhea can be detected by bacteriological examination of urethral discharge - in men, and from the vagina - in women. If you suspect gonorrhea or the anus, you should take a swab from these places.

Any suspicious symptom resembling gonorrhea should be an indication for a visit to the gynecologist or urologist. If the test result is positive, the patient should notify all former and present about the infectionsexual partners. They should also be tested for the presence ofNeisseria gonorrhoeae , even if they do not have gonorrhea symptoms.


How to avoid gonorrhea?

  • Create a mutually monogamous relationship with your partner.
  • Avoid casual sex.
  • If you do not have a permanent partner - remember about a condom.
  • Give up sexual intercourse with a sick person or during treatment.
  • In public toilets, do not sit on the toilet seat.
  • Use only your own towel and your toiletries.
  • Never borrow bathing suits or underwear (not from anyone else).

Gonorrhea - treatment

Treatment for gonorrhea usually involves the administration of penicillin, but some gonococcal strains have already developed resistance to this antibiotic. In such cases, venereologists use other methods, e.g. doxycycline.

Untreatedgonorrhealeads to very serious complications, including infertility.

The effect of gonorrhea in men may also be epididymitis, inflammation of the prostate and joints or meninges, and in women - inflammation of the appendages or joints. Gonorrhea, which affects a pregnant woman, is dangerous for the fetus, because it can lead to, for example, blindness in a child.

Note! In young girls, due to the structure and composition of genital secretions, it is easy to get infected with gonococci indirectly, e.g. by staying in bed with sick adults or jointly using e.g. washing sponges or towels for wiping intimate areas. The infection mainly affects the vulva and vagina. Children are treated in the same way with antibiotics.

Gonorrhea - complications

Untreated gonorrhea can lead to a number of complications, such as:

  • urethritis and bladder inflammation,
  • arthritis,
  • pelvic inflammatory disease,
  • epididymitis and prostate inflammation,
  • infertility,
  • myocarditis,
  • meningitis.
Where to go for help

Treatment of sexually transmitted diseases is free. It is enough to come to the skin and venereology clinic. You do not need to use the local clinic.

The article uses excerpts from the article by Beata Prasałek from the monthly "Zdrowie".

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