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Dental crowns are used to reconstruct teeth that have been damaged as a result of caries, after root canal treatment, during bite reconstruction. Dental crowns can also be mounted on implants (artificial tooth roots) in situations where the missing teeth are reconstructed. Check when dental crowns are still recommended, what are their types and prices.
Dental crownsare caps / caps placed on the tooth. They are used to rebuild teeth - those that are damaged, discolored or broken. Dental crowns improve the shape, position and color of teeth in situations where less invasive methods are not effective. This is not the only application of dental crowns.
Dental crowns - indications
If the tooth is very damaged, e.g. as a result of caries, in dead teeth - after root canal treatment, in bite reconstruction, when less invasive methods are not possible. In such a situation, a dental crown is the best solution. Dental crowns in the form of bridges are also placed in order to restore missing teeth.
Dental crowns can also protect the tooth after root canal treatment or prevent it from breaking. An indication for their assumption is also a congenital lack of enamel.
Dental crowns - how are they assumed?
Crowns can be mounted on the remains of the tooth (if it is he althy). Then it is ground and then a crown is glued on it, the color of which is matched to the remaining teeth.
In order to replace one tooth, a crown can be placed on implants - artificial tooth roots in the form of a titanium screw embedded in the jaw bone. However, crowns are not placed directly on implants. First, a special connector is screwed to the implant, and then the crown is tightened to it.
To replace a larger number of missing teeth, prosthetic bridges are used. The bridge is made of several interconnected crowns mounted on pillars, which are own teeth (or implants) surrounding the gap, i.e. the lack of a tooth. In this case, the teeth on which the bridge is to be supported are ground.
Dental crowns - types
There are several types of prosthetic crowns, depending on the type of material they are made of.
- all-ceramic crowns - they are very aesthetic, almostindistinguishable from natural teeth, therefore they are used for restorations of front teeth. They are based on zirconium oxide (zirconium crowns)
- porcelain crowns on a metal framework - the base of such crowns is dental steel, on which porcelain is fired. The metal is not visible because it is hidden under the porcelain
- porcelain on a gold metal base - their structure is similar to the construction of crowns on a metal base. They are recommended for patients with badly damaged teeth because gold has strong anti-caries properties
- acrylic, composite - it is treated as a temporary solution, and as a final solution only in patients who should not use porcelain due to the hardness of this material
Dental crowns - answers to the most common questions
Are dental crowns an obstacle to performing MRI? No, people with dental crowns can perform this test without fear.
What is the difference between dental crowns and veneers? Veneer only on the outer part (face) of the tooth, which requires less preparation of the tooth (sometimes you can put a veneer without any preparation). A tooth crown is an overlay that requires greater grinding of the tooth 360 degrees around its long axis.
How much do dental crowns cost? The price of a dental crown ranges from about PLN 600 to even about PLN 2,000 per piece.
Is it possible to put a dental crown in one day? It is always a two-visit visit, the first visit is to prepare the tooth and take an impression, the second is to return the crown prepared in the laboratory. Unless they are acrylic crowns - temporary, then they are prepared by a doctor on a dental chair.
Are dental crowns reimbursed by the National He alth Fund? Not. The exception may be situations, for example, an accident in which the teeth were broken. In order to reimburse the damage suffered, the patient should report to the National He alth Fund with an appropriate application and documentation.
Are porcelain crowns durable? Yes. The durability of porcelain crowns is estimated at 10-15 years.
Can porcelain crowns be whitened? Not. Only natural teeth can be whitened. Bleaching will not change the color of the tooth crowns.
How to clean tooth crowns? You should take care of them in the same way as your own teeth - brush at least twice a day for 3 minutes, use dental floss to clean the interdental spaces. You should undergo oral hygiene treatment twice a year.