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Laryngeal cancer affects mainly men aged 55-65, mainly smokers (they are ill 40 times more often). If the disease is detected and treated at an early stage of development, 98% of the treatment will be treated. cases succeed.
Laryngeal canceris closely related to the lifestyle, because it belongs to the group of the so-called tobacco-related diseases. Many patients with laryngeal cancer are also people abusing alcohol.
A very characteristic symptom of laryngeal cancer is wheezing. stridor.
Laryngeal wheezing (stridor) is a murmur that is produced while breathing, or more specifically - air passing through narrowed or obstructed airways outside the chest - in this caselarynx .
Cancer cells that multiply in the larynx can spread to nearby lymph nodes, thereby metastasizing.
Laryngeal cancer: symptoms
Most symptoms of laryngeal cancer are related to the throat and breathing. The disease begins with gradually increasing hoarseness. With time, the timbre of the voice changes, the patient has a feeling of obstruction in his throat, he clears his throat. The characteristic symptoms also include:
- swallowing disorders
- shortness of breath
- cough and hemoptysis
- weight loss
- weakness and fatigue.
Laryngeal cancer: treatment
The type of therapy depends on the place and stage of the disease. Your doctor may provide you with radiation, chemotherapy, or surgery. The operation consists in removing the lesion or completely removing the larynx. Then a tracheotomy tube is permanently inserted in the trachea through which the patient will breathe. In this case, speech rehabilitation under the guidance of a speech therapist and phoniatrist is also necessary. If the patient does not master the so-called replacement speech, the doctor may consider using a speaking device - the so-called voice prosthesis, i.e. electronic larynx.