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Datura (Datura) is a plant used as a drug by adolescents. Datura dzdzierzawa shows strong intoxicating properties - its seeds are colloquially even called "Targówka hashish". It should be remembered that datura is a highly toxic plant and its consumption can lead to death. How does datura work and what are the symptoms of poisoning?

Other names for Datura are venomous datura, gypsy herb, magic herb, dumb turnip, pindyrinda, pig louse

What is datura?

Datura Dziedzierzawa( DaturastramoniumL.) is a plant originating in Mexico, which now it is found throughout Eurasia and North America. It grows on farmland, wastelands and rubble. Due to its beautiful, large, funnel-shaped flowers, it has become popular as a balcony and garden plant.

However, some, especially young people - due to its easy availability and low cost of obtaining - often use its psychogenic properties and treat it as a drug. In a report published by the Police Headquarters in 2011, Datura was defined as one of the most popular intoxicating plants preferred by Polish youth.

Datura as a drug

Datura dzdzierzawa is already intoxicating with its strong, sweet, very characteristic scent. However, for people experimenting with narcotic drugs, it is not enough, which is why they most often reach for the brown-black seeds of Datura, colloquially called "Targówka hashish".

They show strong narcotic properties caused by the tropane alkaloids: hyoscyamine, atropine and scopolamine. They infect the parasympathetic nerve endings of the autonomic nervous system, causing disturbing symptoms. It is the seeds that show the strongest narcotic and poisonous effects, although other parts of the plant also have such properties.

Datura - symptoms of poisoning

Plant parts contain from 0.2-0.6 percent. alkaloids, and seeds about 0.5 percent. One gram of seeds contains 2-4 mg of tropane alkaloids.

Symptoms of poisoning the body with datura alkaloids appear after consuming 20-30 pieces of seeds. Areto:

  • agitation, which over time turns into disorientation, difficulty maintaining balance, anxiety, and further into visual and auditory hallucinations
  • word
  • pupil dilation

Symptoms of poisoning usually appear 4 hours after consuming Datura and may last for several days

  • skin rash, redness of the skin
  • urine hold
  • accelerated heart rate
  • heart rate acceleration
  • nausea, vomiting and decreased intestinal motility (constipation)
  • convulsions

Bieluń Dziędzierzawa (datura) deadly!

Tropane alkaloids contained in Datura may cause a psychotic attack. The intoxicating state may result in hypothermia, paralysis of the respiratory center and a deep coma. In some cases, datura poisoning can lead to death.

Bieluń Dziedzierzawa - treatment of poisoning

Treatment of all dandruff poisoning should take place in a hospital, where gastric lavage is performed and physostigmine salicylate is administered - a drug that tolerates the above-mentioned. symptoms.

Bieluń Dziedzierzawa - healing properties

Datura, in addition to hallucinogenic properties, also has a healing effect that is used all over the world. In Ayurvedic medicine, Datura is treated as an antidote to all ailments. It is recommended, inter alia, to:

  • ulcers,
  • rheumatism,
  • gout,
  • sciatica,
  • puffiness,
  • toothache.

In Nigeria, seed extracts mixed with palm oil are applied as compresses to severe insect bites.

In Turkey, it is used in gastrointestinal problems, hemorrhoids, bronchitis, acne and eczema. The Mexican Indians, on the other hand, relieved labor pains with a decoction of Datura. In Japan, it is used in cardiomyopathies and Parkinson's disease.

Bieluń dzdzierzawa has also been used in conventional medicine, incl. in relieving symptoms of motion sickness, treating epilepsy, inflammation, mycoses and many other ailments. Datura leaves extracts also have potential anti-diabetic properties. The anti-cancer effect of this plant has also been scientifically confirmed.

Monika Majewska A journalist specializing in he alth issues, especially in the areas of medicine, he alth protection and he althy eating. Author of news, guides, interviews with experts and reports. Participant of the greatestThe National Medical Conference "Polish Woman in Europe", organized by the "Journalists for He alth" Association, as well as specialist workshops and seminars for journalists organized by the Association.

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