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VERIFIED CONTENTAuthor: Klaudia Kierzkowska

There is no shortage of coffee lovers. Many people cannot imagine a morning without a cup of this black and aromatic drink. The caffeine contained in coffee not only stimulates, but also has a number of other valuable properties. However, can people with diabetes afford to drink it?

Type 2 diabetes is one of the most common metabolic diseases worldwide. Although it is mainly associated with the elderly, young people struggle with it more and more often. Diabetes is characterized by an increased level of glucose in the blood, which is why a properly selected diet plays such an important role. Black coffee or coffee with milk, which is he althier for a diabetic?

Coffee properties

Caffeine, a rich source of which is coffee, has been used in painkillers, anti-migraines and stimulants. It contains valuable antioxidants (caffeic and chlorogenic acids) that neutralize free radicals and improve the body's defense mechanism. Caffeine, theobromine and theophylline hidden in coffee beans affect the central nervous system:

  • improve thought processes,
  • increase short-term memory,
  • improve concentration.

Studies have shown that these compounds reduce the risk of Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease. The composition of coffee also includes fats, carbohydrates, minerals, plant acids, proteins and alkaloids.

Coffee and the risk of diabetes

Regular coffee consumption is believed to reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes. According to scientists, consuming three cups of coffee each day contributes to inhibiting the development of the disease. Coffee improves the secretory response of the pancreas. Chlorogenic acid, belonging to the group of polyphenols, has the ability to increase insulin sensitivity of cells and reduces the absorption of glucose in the gastrointestinal tract.

In addition, coffee lowers the concentration of cytokines, the high level of which is conducive to the development of diabetes. However, it should be remembered that the most important role in preventing diabetes is played by a properly balanced diet and physical activity.

Coffee and diabetes - black or with milk?

There are no contraindications for people with diabetes to stop drinking coffee. Specialhowever, attention should be paid to its type. Black coffee, regardless of whether it is ground or instant, does not contain sugar. Thus, it does not pose any threat to diabetics.

On the other hand, drinking coffee with milk or cream is a completely different matter. Lactose, i.e. milk sugar, increases the caloric content and glycemic index of coffee. Coffee with milk, in combination with sugar or flavored glucose-fructose syrup, is a source of simple sugars, and its consumption results in an increase in blood glucose. Therefore, unless the doctor sees any contraindications, people with type 2 diabetes can reach for black coffee without any additives.

Coffee drunk in the amount of three cups a day, without milk and no flavor enhancers, is completely safe for people with diabetes.

Side effects of drinking coffee

Although drinking black coffee has many he alth benefits, its excessive consumption, especially in combination with smoking, may have a negative effect on the body. Too much caffeine can contribute to the following:

  • cardiovascular diseases,
  • heart arrhythmia,
  • hyperactivity,
  • sleep problems,
  • stomach trouble.

Therefore, to take full advantage of the he alth benefits of coffee, you should drink it in moderation.


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