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In the beginning there is only a runny nose. Then there is difficulty breathing and a headache that gets worse with almost every movement. This is how sinusitis manifests itself. But sinusitis is uneven. What are the differences between acute, subacute, and chronic sinusitis?

Sinusitisis a serious disease that, unfortunately, is often neglected.Bayswarm, moisturize and clean the air you breathe. As a result, it does not irritate the mucosa of the respiratory tract as it passes further into the throat and lungs. The nose and sinuses are also the first immune barrier to viruses, bacteria and allergens.

With each inhalation, air enters the sinuses, and with each exhalation, air escapes from them. When the channels through which it flows are obstructed, ventilation of the sinuses is insufficient, and the stagnation of air in them accelerates the production of mucus, which quickly turns into purulent discharge. The oil has no outlet, so it becomes a breeding ground for bacteria and viruses. The runny nose thickens, it becomes more and more difficult to clear the nose, and the headache intensifies. This is how the inflammatory process begins. Usually it is bacterial or viral in origin, but can also be triggered by allergens.

Sinusitis: the three types of infections

Assuming the duration of the disease as a criterion, the following are distinguished:

  • acutesinusitisis one that occurs incidentally, e.g. once a year, and lasts less than 3 weeks
  • subacute sinusitis lasts from 3 weeks to 3 months;
  • chronic sinusitis is the most severe form of the disease - it lasts more than 3 months and often recurs. Drugs cope poorly with this type of inflammation. Surgery to open the sinuses is often needed. Untreated or improperly treated acute inflammation turns into chronic inflammation.

Any sinusitis must be healed to the end

In the treatment of acute sinusitis, there are used decongestants of the mucosa, mucolytics, i.e. drugs that thin the secretions, antipyretics and painkillers, antihistamines and antibiotics. Subacute inflammation usually requires antibiotics.

In contrast, chronic sinusitis is treated mainly with surgery. The procedure consists in restoring the natural proportions in the structure of the nose and sinuses and removing lesions, e.g. polyps, inflammatory granulation tissue, cysts. Currentlyminimally invasive endoscopic techniques with ballooning the sinuses and irrigation using the Hydrodebrider method are preferred.

Chronic inflammatory processes in the sinuses can not only make breathing difficult, but also cause more serious problems, including meningitis, supra- and subdural and brain abscesses, inflammatory eyelid swelling, and inflammation soft tissues of the eye socket.


Herbs help heal sinuses

The properties of selected plants are used: they thin out the secretions in the sinuses, reduce swelling of the mucous membranes, and have anti-inflammatory, antiviral and antibacterial properties. The most common herbal materials in preparations combating upper respiratory tract infections are:

  • elderberry flower
  • verbena herb
  • gentian root
  • mullein flower
  • Andrographis paniculata extract - herb known mainly in Scandinavian countries, supporting the functioning of the immune system.

How to fight sinus pain with home remedies? [TOWIDEO]

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